Through all of these years, the Iroquois never attacked the Kitcisìpirinik fortress. They had established trading relationships with French colonists who settled along the Atlantic coast and what was later called the Saint Lawrence River. By the 17th century the first Europeans found them well established as a hunter-gatherer society in control of the river. Algonquin . But, in 1642, they made a surprise winter raid, attacking the Algonquin while most of the warriors were absent, and causing severe casualties. Ministry of Aboriginal Affairs of Ottawa. Algonquin, North American Indian tribe of closely related Algonquian-speaking bands originally living in the dense forest regions of the valley of the Ottawa River and its tributaries in present-day Quebec and Ontario, Canada. Since the Algonquin tribe did not raise many crops they depended on trade to bring in the necessary vegetation. "A Brief Description of New York, Formerly Called New Netherland with the Places Thereunto Adjoining, Likewise a Brief Relation of the Customs of the Indians There." The British estimate in 1768 was 1,500. Chief Lovelace served a six-month sentence for contempt of court for violating the injunction, which required all protesters to remain at least 200 metres (660 ft) from the mining site.

The Algonquin were a small tribe that also lives in northern Michigan and southern Quebec and eastern Ontario. Mercury Series Number 65, page 103, Black, Meredith Jean, 1980, Algonquin Ethnobotany: An Interpretation of Aboriginal Adaptation in South Western Quebec, Ottawa. As of 2000, there are close to 8,000 Algonquins in Canada, organized into ten separate First Nations: nine in Quebec and one in Ontario. On March 6, 1647 (Ash Wednesday), a large Mohawk war party attacked the Kitcisìpiriniwak living near Trois-Rivières and almost exterminated them. Today, thousands of individuals identify with various Algonquian peoples. Starting in 1721, many Christian Algonquins began to settle for the summer at Kahnesatake, near Oka. They also were proud of their corn fields.

When the French retreated from the Huron country that year, Tessouat is reported to have had the superior of the Jesuit mission suspended by his armpits because he refused to offer him the customary presents for being allowed to travel through Algonquin territory. French missionaries converted many Algonquins to Catholicism in the 17th and 18th centuries. The Algonquin tribe still has remnants today in Canada and around Quebec. Eastern Algonquians created pots that could withstand not only thermal stress but the mechanical stress of rough use.[6]. Champlain did not understand that the Algonquins were socially united by a strong totem/clan system rather than the European-styled political concept of nationhood. Historically, the peoples were prominent along the Atlantic Coast and into the interior along the Saint Lawrence River and around the Great Lakes. That year the last 14 families, numbering about 50, moved to Kanesatake near Oka. Learn how your comment data is processed. Putting out to sea, they hunted whales, porpoises, walruses and seals.

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