[130], Intercessory prayer is prayer offered for the benefit of other people.

The Church of South India was formed in 1947 by the union of Anglican, Baptist, Methodist, Congregationalist, and Presbyterian churches. [161] This original intended meaning of the text is drawn out through examination of the passage in light of the grammatical and syntactical aspects, the historical background, the literary genre, as well as theological (canonical) considerations. As you look to find Christian churches near you, Church Finder is here to help on your journey. Who gets grouped together? [451][452][453] In response, the church father Origen published his treatise Contra Celsum, or Against Celsus, a seminal work of Christian apologetics, which systematically addressed Celsus's criticisms and helped bring Christianity a level of academic respectability. [188] Byzantine art and literature held a preeminent place in Europe, and the cultural impact of Byzantine art on the West during this period was enormous and of long-lasting significance.

Famous for his use of paradox, Chesterton explained that while Christianity had the most mysteries, it was the most practical religion. [citation needed], Christians differ in their views on the extent to which individuals' salvation is pre-ordained by God.

[221] Events ranged from mere anti-clericalism to violent outbursts against Christianity, such as the dechristianization of France during the French Revolution,[222] the Spanish Civil War, and certain Marxist movements, especially the Russian Revolution and the persecution of Christians in the Soviet Union under state atheism. [198] Historically, Christianity has often been a patron of science and medicine; many Catholic clergy,[398] Jesuits in particular,[399][400] have been active in the sciences throughout history and have made significant contributions to the development of science. According to Eastern Orthodox theology, based upon their understanding of the atonement as put forward by Irenaeus' recapitulation theory, Jesus' death is a ransom. "[126] Prayer positions, including kneeling, standing, and prostrations have been used for these seven fixed prayer times since the days of the early Church. [449][450] One of the first comprehensive attacks on Christianity came from the Greek philosopher Celsus, who wrote The True Word, a polemic criticizing Christians as being unprofitable members of society. Branches of Christianity. Messianic Judaism affirms Christian creeds such as the messiahship and divinity of "Yeshua" (the Hebrew name of Jesus) and the Triune Nature of God, while also adhering to some Jewish dietary laws and customs.[386]. [304] Some sources view this simply as part of a drift away from traditional membership institutions,[305] while others link it to signs of a decline in belief in the importance of religion in general. [419][420][421], Christians have made a myriad of contributions to human progress in a broad and diverse range of fields,[422] including philosophy,[423][424] science and technology,[425][426][427][428][429][430] fine arts and architecture,[431] politics, literatures, music,[432] and business. [47] Some modern scholars use the belief of Jesus' followers in the resurrection as a point of departure for establishing the continuity of the historical Jesus and the proclamation of the early church. ", The Foundations of New Testament Christology, A History of Christianity: The First Three Thousand Years, Three Pictures of God in Western Theology, Historical background of the New Testament, New Testament places associated with Jesus, Names and titles of Jesus in the New Testament, Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople, Greek Orthodox Patriarchate of Alexandria, Coptic Catholic Patriarchate of Alexandria, Chaldean Catholic Patriarchate of Babylon, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Christianity&oldid=985818232, Articles lacking reliable references from August 2020, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, All Wikipedia articles written in American English, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2020, Pages using multiple image with auto scaled images, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from May 2020, Wikipedia articles with TDVİA identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, The injunction that all other senses of sacred scripture are based on the, That the historicity of the Gospels must be absolutely and constantly held, That scripture must be read within the "living Tradition of the whole Church", That "the task of interpretation has been entrusted to the bishops in communion with the successor of Peter, the. It is one of the Assyrian churches that claim continuity with the historical Patriarchate of Seleucia-Ctesiphon—the Church of the East, one of the oldest Christian churches in Mesopotamia.

Roman persecution ended in 313 AD with the Edict of Milan. [236] The Christian share of the world's population has stood at around 33% for the last hundred years, which means that one in three persons on Earth are Christians. While there have been many theological disputes over the nature of Jesus over the earliest centuries of Christian history, generally, Christians believe that Jesus is God incarnate and "true God and true man" (or both fully divine and fully human). Wintour, Patrick. [162] The historical-grammatical method distinguishes between the one original meaning and the significance of the text. Anglicanism was established in England in 1534. (Catechism, 262) [25] The earliest recorded use of the term "Christianity" (Greek: Χριστιανισμός) was by Ignatius of Antioch, in around 100 AD.

Orthodox Christians reject the authority of the pope.

[473][474] Another famous apologist, G. K. Chesterton, wrote in the early twentieth century about the benefits of religion and, specifically, Christianity.

The death and resurrection of Jesus are usually considered the most important events in Christian theology, partly because they demonstrate that Jesus has power over life and death and therefore has the authority and power to give people eternal life. published Berkeley: University of California Press. In some Early Christian sarcophagi the Logos is distinguished with a beard, "which allows him to appear ancient, even pre-existent. Nontrinitarianism (or antitrinitarianism) refers to theology that rejects the doctrine of the Trinity. When evaluating churches on your "short list", it is best to find out directly from the church (or the senior pastor) more about their beliefs and practices. Luther's primary theological heirs are known as Lutherans. The Oriental Orthodox Churches (also called "Old Oriental" churches) are those eastern churches that recognize the first three ecumenical councils—Nicaea, Constantinople, and Ephesus—but reject the dogmatic definitions of the Council of Chalcedon and instead espouse a Miaphysite christology. 1990, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (.

[184][36] Nicaea was the first of a series of ecumenical councils, which formally defined critical elements of the theology of the Church, notably concerning Christology.

[438], The other way was an institutional union with united churches, a practice that can be traced back to unions between Lutherans and Calvinists in early 19th-century Germany. [359] This split within the Roman Catholic church is now called the Reformation. But still, God still existed as three persons in each of these times. In the thirteenth century, a new emphasis on Jesus' suffering, exemplified by the Franciscans' preaching, had the consequence of turning worshippers' attention towards Jews, on whom Christians had placed the blame for Jesus' death. Although many people confuse this branch with the Eastern Orthodox Church, Oriental Orthodoxy actually groups together a set of churches that split in 451. In the meantime, "the dead are conscious of nothing." Below are the 8 main branches, their history, and their traits. [note 3] Justin Martyr described 2nd-century Christian liturgy in his First Apology (c. 150) to Emperor Antoninus Pius, and his description remains relevant to the basic structure of Christian liturgical worship: And on the day called Sunday, all who live in cities or in the country gather together to one place, and the memoirs of the apostles or the writings of the prophets are read, as long as time permits; then, when the reader has ceased, the president verbally instructs, and exhorts to the imitation of these good things. It is used by a number of Christian denominations for both liturgical and catechetical purposes, most visibly by liturgical churches of Western Christian tradition, including the Latin Church of the Catholic Church, Lutheranism, Anglicanism, and Western Rite Orthodoxy.

[187] There was a renewed interest in classical Greek philosophy, as well as an increase in literary output in vernacular Greek. Early Christian communities were born in Palestine after the death of Jesus Christ among Jews who.

If you really and freely want to give here are the ways that can be done. Catholicism or Eastern or Oriental Orthodoxy), those who die in a state of grace, i.e., without any mortal sin separating them from God, but are still imperfectly purified from the effects of sin, undergo purification through the intermediate state of purgatory to achieve the holiness necessary for entrance into God's presence. The Second Ecumenical Council of Nicaea (787) finally pronounced in favor of icons. [343] With more than 1.1 billion baptized members, the Catholic Church is the largest Christian church and represents 50.1%[15] all Christians as well as one sixth of the world's population.[344][345][346]. [132] The reformer Huldrych Zwingli admitted that he had offered prayers to the saints until his reading of the Bible convinced him that this was idolatrous.[133]. The major issues in Christian eschatology are the Tribulation, death and the afterlife, (mainly for Evangelical groups) the Millennium and the following Rapture, the Second Coming of Jesus, Resurrection of the Dead, Heaven, (for liturgical branches) Purgatory, and Hell, the Last Judgment, the end of the world, and the New Heavens and New Earth.

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