Les ifs poussent dans un sol fertile et bien drainé. Originally known just as Yew, the English yew moniker started becoming commonplace when other trees of this genus were discovered. It has the ability to provide good varnish and veneer. The Greeks wove funeral wreaths from it in honor of Hecate (whose dominion was death). Signalez une publicité qui vous semble abusive.
It was used for the longbows of English archers. The English yew, like all the yews, contains highly poisonous berries which can be fatal to humans if they are ingested without removing the seeds. English yew are evergreen and grow at … Dans le passé, les gens utilisaient du bois d'if pour créer de longs arcs. Omissions? Voir la traduction automatique de Google Translate de 'yew'. Following the conversion of Celts to Christianity, many of their holy places converted as well. There are also many medicinal uses for Yew plants, dating back centuries. Devenez parrain de WordReference pour voir le site sans publicités. It is densely clothed in long, glossy, dark green leaves held in two ranks.

Some botanists consider the Himalayan form to be a separate species, called Himalayan yew (Taxus wallichiana). Upon his death, he was laid to rest beneath a Yew plant. They are highly adaptable and make a nice addition to a garden border, path, or in a mass planting.

It is still today used for making bows and cabinetwork. The yew will grow in pretty much any light. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox.

English yews can live a very long time. They are classified as conifers. These plants have long been a part of the Christmas tradition in Britain and elsewhere in Europ… After swallowing the seed whole, thrushes and other birds are known to digest the aril and pass the seed intact in their droppings. Aidez WordReference : Posez la question dans les forums. Paclitaxel and docetaxel are drugs derived from the Pacific and the English Yew, and they are very effective against many types of cancer.

These are easy to care for, drought resistant evergreen shrubs. English yews / Taxus produce the most amazing hedges that live as long as 1,500 years. Un oubli important ? Louisville Plants That Are Most Easily Confused With This One:  Canadian or American Yew, Bald Cypress, Elder. Aucune discussion avec "yew" n'a été trouvée dans le forum French-English, ⓘ Un ou plusieurs fils de discussions du forum correspondent exactement au terme que vous recherchez, ‘Dew he knew what yew’ve told me, yew might not have so long to go, ole partna.’, Yew aren’t a-goin’ to tell me yew don’t know who done that job. Robin Hood used a bow of Yew to win the Maid Marion, and they were wedded beneath the branches of a Yew. Although Juniper extracts can be fatal in small amounts, it was used as a meat preservative and to make gin. Historically, Native Americans used Yew to treat ailments like rheumatism, fever, and even arthritis. Speaking of Churches the yew has played a part in religion for a long time.

For example, the Fortingall Yew, named for the small Scottish village where it has been growing for some 2,000 to 5,000 years, is the oldest living tree in Great Britain and one of the oldest living trees in Europe. The Pacific Northwest Indians used Juniper to treat the flu.

The Japanese used Yew leaves for things like diabetes and to induce abortions. The English yew, like all the yews, contains highly poisonous berries which can be fatal to humans if they are ingested without removing the seeds. Both plants interfere with the process of mitosis, but they go about it differently. All parts of English yew, Taxus baccata are poisonous except for the red seed casing. The history of the English Yew is a very interesting one. Announcing our NEW encyclopedia for Kids! Juniper was also used as a blood tonic by the Great Basin Indians. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/plant/English-yew, United States Department of Agriculture - English Yew. Chelsea Gatt. Signalez une erreur ou suggérez une amélioration. Characteristics of Mature (Brownish) Bark: Patterns of Main-Veins on Leaf (or Leaflet): Louisville Plants That Are Most Easily Confused With This One. Unique Morphological Features of Plant: The formation of a berry-like structure that surrounds a poisonous seed, but still is considered a gymnosperm. This female cultivar rarely produces the conspicuous, coral-red seed-bearing cones. Aucune discussion avec "yew" n'a été trouvée dans le forum French-English ‘Dew he knew what yew’ve told me, yew might not have so long to go, ole partna.’ - English Only forum Pluck yew - myths and fantasies - English Only forum the spectre by the black yew - English Only forum Yew aren’t a-goin’ to tell me yew don’t know who done that job - English Only forum. Rising to a height of 10 to 30 metres (about 35 to 100 feet), the tree has spreading branches and slightly drooping branchlets. Yews are among the few conifers that produce new growth easily from behind the ends of cut branches; thus, English yew is one of the only conifers regularly trimmed into hedges. The oldest known wooden tool was a spear made of Yew wood, dating back 50,000 years from Clacton-on-Sea, England. A Yew is a tree or shrub of the genus Taxus in the family Taxaceae, while English Yew was the first to be described scientifically as Taxus Baccata. English yew, (Taxus baccata), also called common yew or European yew, (all three are lumber trade names), an ornamental evergreen tree or shrub of the yew family (Taxaceae), widely distributed throughout Europe and Asia as far east as the Himalayas. It has a compact columnar form and is used in formal plantings.

English Yew (Taxus baccata), forms a dense, evergreen conifer hedge.The lovely year-round, deep-green foliage has contrasting bright-green spring growth and small autumnal red … Updates? Some say that English yew was planted as a symbol of long life, or to drive off cattle from burial areas because of their poisonous berries.

All parts of an English yew, except the fleshy aril surrounding the seed, contain alkaloids that are poisonous to humans and several other animals. The bark is reddish brown and flaky, sometimes deeply fissured in very old trees.
It is found across Europe and in parts of Asia and Africa as well.

One of the most popular is the Irish yew.

They grow considerably more slowly than other conifers. Several hybrids have been obtained by crossing the English yew with the Japanese yew; the most common, Taxus × media, has several varieties. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Height at Maturity: Between 3-25 feet depending if used as a shrub or tree, Stem (or Trunk) Diameter: Between The Diameter of a Pencil and a Broom-Handle, Characteristics of Mature (Brownish) Bark: Patchy Bark – Rough Bark, Length of Leaf (or Leaflet):  Less than Length of a Credit Card, Patterns of Main-Veins on Leaf (or Leaflet): Parallel, Change in Color of Foliage in October: No Change, Color of Flower:  Male Are Small Yellow & Female Extremely Small White, Shape of Individual Flower:  Bilaterally Symmetrical, Size of Individual Flower: Smaller than a Quarter, Fruit Desirable to Birds or Squirrels:  No, Common Name(s):  English, European, or common Yew, Family Name (Scientific and Common): Taxaceae   (Yew family). Many kinds of bushes and trees in the Taxus genus are grown in the landscape, including Japanese yews, English yew bushes, and crosses between the two. The Celts planted it in their holiest shrines, and believed it had numerous magical properties. English yew, (Taxus baccata), also called common yew or European yew, (all three are lumber trade names), an ornamental evergreen tree or shrub of the yew family (Taxaceae), widely distributed throughout Europe and Asia as far east as the Himalayas. It will also propagate very easily from clippings and/or seed growth. It is sometimes considered a shrub because of its average medium maximum size despite the columnar structure. Juniper is also used during religious ceremonies and is worn by the “medicine man” of the tribe. The berries, twigs, and cones of the Juniper plant may be used for human consumption.

This plant is a gymnosperm but does produce a fleshy seed coat for its seed. WordReference English-French Dictionary © 2020: Discussions du forum dont le titre comprend le(s) mot(s) "yew" : Dans d'autres langues : espagnol | italien | portugais | roumain | allemand | néerlandais | suédois | russe | polonais | tchèque | grec | turc | chinois | japonais | coréen | arabe. It is often found in churchyards and the plants live a very long time, often having been there before the churches were.

Corrections? A Yew is a tree or shrub of the genus Taxus in the family Taxaceae, while English Yew was the first to be described scientifically as Taxus Baccata. It can be either a tree of shrub, depending to the desire for the plant. Juniper berries have been used as a diuretic, stimulant, astringent, nausea, skin problems, aches and pains, anti-rheumatism, and antiseptic.

In the past, people used yew to make longbows.

Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Juniper was also used to make baskets, textiles, firewood, and building materials for many southwestern tribes.

A very popular choice, Taxus baccata 'Repandens' (English Yew) is a small, prostrate and wide-spreading, evergreen shrub with undulating branches adorned with pendulous tips. Some suggestions as to why they are near churches are that they were planted at old pagan holy sites, where it was expedient for churches to be built. Many horticultural varieties have been developed, some of which are small shrubs. The ancient Yews that resided at these locations were preserved, maybe in an attempt to legitimize the new Christian faith.


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