The book is the earliest record of Daoism —a philosophy that has shaped Chinese life for more than 2,000 years. Potential officials throughout Chinese history drew on the authority of non-Confucian sages, especially Laozi and Zhuangzi, to deny serving any ruler at any time. According to his biography, Laozi was born in the Ku County of the state of Chu, the present day Luyi County of the Henan Province. Yinxi was accepted by Laozi as a student.

Upon his request, he began writing a book the “Daodejing,” which is the combination of “Dao,” which means “way” and “de” which is “its virtue.” The book is a philosophical account and can be literally translated as “Classic of the Way of Power.”. 2. According to this account, Laozi was a villager who became a scholar in the royal court of the Zhou Dynasty. The teachings of Lao Tzu and ‘Daoism’ influenced the Han Dynasty the most. The most commonly accepted records indicate that Laozi was a contemporary of Confucius, which would place him in China at the end of the pre-Imperial era during the Zhou Dynasty.

Nevertheless, his teachings have been handed down through centuries and today his followers are manifold. But the present version of the text includes additions from later periods. A prominent posthumous name was Li Dan. 22. 11.

He was sometimes held to have come from the village of Chu Jen in Chu. Lao Tzu’s personal life is still shrouded in mystery and there are many legends associated with his birth and life. Read Also: 10 Facts about Lapis Lazuli. 12.

The Daodejing says the Dao is the source and ideal of all existence: it is unseen, very powerful but also very humble, being the root of all things. Zhuangzi, Laozi’s most famous follower in traditional accounts, had a great deal of influence on Chinese literati and culture. Politically, it means avoiding war, harsh laws and heavy taxes. He is the reputed author of the Tao Te Ching, the founder of philosophical Taoism, and a deity in religious Taoism and traditional Chinese religions. 2. The oldest Daodejing writing comes from around 375 BCE. He was known to have met the great Confucius and, supposedly, criticized his arrogance. The Shiji(Records of the Historian) by the Han dynasty (206B.C.E.–220 C.E.)

A central figure in Chinese culture, Laozi is claimed by both the emperors of the Tang dynasty and … The third story in Sima Qian states that Lao Tzu grew weary of the moral decay of life in Chengzhou and noted the kingdom’s decline. 23. 21. Various anti-authoritarian movements have embraced the Laozi teachings on the power of the weak. 5. 23. Laozi used the term to mean simplicity and humility as key virtues, in contrast to selfishness. In some versions of the tale, Yinxi liked the work so much that he became a student and left with Laozi, never to be seen again.

13. There is a story of his meeting with Confucius (most famously in the Zhuangzi ). Facts about Lao Tzu will remind the people with the famous Chinese writer and philosopher.

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