Western Red Cedar is the most popular outdoor wood for a number of reasons. silicicola or southern juniper (characterized by smaller cones, blunt scale leaves at the apex, and orange-brown bark). Eastern red cedar, commonly called the red cedar, eastern juniper, pencil cedar, and red juniper, is a species of dense, slow-growing conifers that belong to the genus Juniperus of the family Cupressaceae. virginiana or eastern juniper (distinguished by larger cones, acute scale leaves at the apex, and reddish brown bark) and Juniperus virginiana var. irritations in some people.
It is found as a tree or shrub. Western red cedar trees may grow up to 60 meters (about 200 feet) tall, and they have cinnamon-red or brownish bark. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. © 2020 (Coniferous Forest). Since Omissions? Western red cedar trees and shrubs are pyramidal in form. Corrections? The wood, berries, and leaves are used for medicine. The trees may grow up to 60 metres (about 200 feet) tall and 6 metres in circumference, measured above the strongly buttressed base. Eastern red cedar, (Juniperus virginiana), an evergreen ornamental and timber tree of the cypress family (Cupressaceae), native to poor or limestone soils of eastern North America.An eastern red cedar can grow to 12 to 15 metres (about 40 to 50 feet) tall and 30 to… fires. Eastern red cedar is a tree. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Contact with the red cedar’s wood or leaves can cause mild skin Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Western red cedar is a popular ornamental and hedge tree in North America and Great Britain. red cedar originated during the ancient era when aboriginal Americans existed. Inland Red Cedar is the same wood species as Wester Red Cedar, but because of the different growing conditions in the inland mountains of Idaho and Montana, Inland Red Cedar trees show differences in the wood grain, wood coloration, and smaller tree height. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/plant/red-cedar. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... A hiker walking through a stand of Western red cedar trees (, Hikers passing a large old-growth Western red cedar (. Known for its graceful appearance and being incredibly strong for its small to medium size, the red cedar is found in the eastern and northern states of America. Fossil evidence has shown that it occurred in large parts of the continent. Your email address will not be published. In Red cedar, common name for many evergreen trees of the cypress family (Cupressaceae), especially western red cedar (Thuja plicata), also known as giant arborvitae, and eastern red cedar (Juniperus virginiana). Western red cedar, an ornamental and timber evergreen conifer of the cypress family (Cupressaceae), native to the Pacific coast of North America. Published on May 30th 2020 by admin under Juniper. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Dimensional stability, decay resistance and workability are a few of the reasons Cedar has long been a favorite among contractors when building outdoor structures. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/plant/Western-red-cedar, Missouri Botanical Garden - Thuja Plicata. Omissions? Corrections? Eastern red cedar, commonly called the red cedar, eastern juniper, pencil cedar, and red juniper, is a species of dense, slow-growing conifers that belong to the genus Juniperus of the family Cupressaceae. Information. Required fields are marked *. All rights reserved. Article was last reviewed on 30th May 2020. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. It is not a true cedar of the genus Cedrus. The vessel is en route to the port of Rotterdam, sailing at a speed of 13.6 knots and expected to arrive there on Sep 15, 09:00.. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Announcing our NEW encyclopedia for Kids! Updates? Thuja plicata, commonly called western red cedar or Pacific red cedar, giant arborvitae or western arborvitae, giant cedar, or shinglewood, is a species of Thuja, an evergreen coniferous tree in the cypress family Cupressaceae native to western North America. The cinnamon-red or brownish outer bark is relatively thin, fissured, and scaly, shedding in irregular flakes; the inner bark is fibrous. Reproduction in whole or in part without permission is prohibited. Your email address will not be published. several places, the eastern red cedar is regarded as an invasive species. The tiny, pointed, scalelike leaves may have faint whitish patches on the undersurfaces. The two varieties of eastern red cedar include Juniperus virginiana var. Western red cedar, (Thuja plicata), also called western arborvitae, giant arborvitae, or Pacific red cedar, an ornamental and timber evergreenconifer of the cypress family (Cupressaceae), native to the Pacific coast of North America. Announcing our NEW encyclopedia for Kids! The wood is used for shingles, posts, pilings, boat making, greenhouse fittings, and other purposes for which resistance to moisture and decay is more important than strength. The current position of RED CEDAR is at North East Atlantic Ocean (coordinates 49.62148 N / 3.40438 W) reported 1 min ago by AIS. pollen of eastern red cedar is an allergen, but less potent than that of Ashe The egg-shaped or slightly elongated cones, 8 to 12 mm (0.3 to 0.5 inch) long, bear five to six pairs of thin flexible scales. juniper.

The The For any kind of alleged misconduct -- such as harassment, insubordination, theft of time, or misuse of resources -- Red Cedar Consulting will complete a timely investigation that identifies the truth and puts the employer in a position to take appropriate action.
Short, horizontal, or slightly drooping branches bear dense branchlet systems in flattened sprays that appear bright green on the upper side and dark waxy green beneath. https://www.lakeforest.edu/academics/ programs/environmental/courses/es203/ juniperus_virginiana.php, https://www.arborday.org/trees/treeguide/ TreeDetail.cfm?ItemID=913, http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=1&taxon_id=210000931, https://northernwoodlands.org/articles/ article/eastern_redcedar_juniperus_virginiana/, https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/ 42257/2967510, Height: 16-66 ft on average, rarely grows up to 89-90 ft, Canada and the eastern United States; from Nova Scotia to Ontario,across the northern Great Plains through eastern Texas, northern Florida and then to the Atlantic coast, Rocky ridgetops, dry uplands, abandoned farmlands, prairies, grasslands, low mountains, Piedmont regions, Slow to medium rate, height increases at the rate of 13-24 inches annually, Typically 100-300 years, but the oldest red cedar lived for 940 years, Sunlight: Requires full sun; should get a minimum six hours of unfiltered, direct sunlight, Diseases include twig and tip blight, cedar-apple rust, and, Usually dioecious, which means seed and pollen cones appear on separate trees, Its foliage provides roosting and nesting site for robins, sparrows, juncos, warblers, and mockingbirds; the twigs and foliage serve as food source for browsers and the fruits are eaten by cedar waxwings, The fine-grained, fragrant heartwood is used for building fence posts, it is in great demand for making closets and chests, ideal for making flatbows, longbows, and sinew-backed bows, juniper essential oil is obtained from the twigs, leaves, and wood, its cones are used a a flavoring agent in gin, it is used as a Christmas tree in the Oklahoma, Arkansas Ozarks, and Missouri, Its population has been increasing and the species is listed as ‘LeastConcern’. Known for its graceful appearance and being incredibly strong for its small to medium size, the red cedar is found in the eastern and northern states of America. it does not tolerate fire, it was earlier controlled by occasional forest

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