Spearmint leaves are infused in water to make spearmint tea. It can be dried by cutting just before, or right (at peak) as the flowers open, about one-half to three-quarters the way down the stalk (leaving smaller shoots room to grow).  The species has two accepted subspecies, each of which has acquired a large number of synonyms:, The plant is a tetraploid species (2n = 48), which could be a result of hybridization and chromosome doubling. Spearmint has been historically used for its antimicrobial activity, which is likely due to the high concentration of carvone.  John Gerard's Herbal (1597) states that: "It is good against watering eyes and all manner of break outs on the head and sores.
Spearmint oil also contains significant amounts of limonene, dihydrocarvone, and 1,8-cineol. The leaves and oil are used to make medicine.
The infection looks like circular dark spot on the top side of the leaf. Puccinia menthae is a fungus that causes the disease called “rust”. Spearmint tends to thrive with plenty of organic material in full sun to part shade. Using spearmint as a larvicide would be a greener alternative to synthetic insecticides due to their toxicity and negative effect to the environment. It is used as a flavouring for toothpaste and confectionery, and is sometimes added to shampoos and soaps.
Leaf spot is a fungal disease that occurs when Alternaria alernata is present on the spearmint leaves.
 Antispasmodic effects have been displayed in spearmint oil and carvone, the main chemical component of spearmint.. Divide plants every two years to keep them healthy. Sign up for our newsletter. Learning how to grow spearmint isn’t much different than growing other mint plants.
Build a Flower Tower Project Guide. Mentha spicata was first described scientifically by Carl Linnaeus in 1753. Grown in the mountainous regions of Morocco, this variety of mint possesses a clear, pungent, but mild aroma. Spearmint plants can reach about three feet tall at maturity, but it can also be low-growing, depending on the amount of light that it receives. The plant is also known to be found in moist habitats such as swamps or creeks, where the soil is sand or clay.  Unlike oil of peppermint, oil of spearmint contains minimal amounts of menthol and menthone. Spearmint Herb Plant (3-Piece) (4) Model# HD2034 $ 24 88. long. , Mentha spicata varies considerably in leaf blade dimensions, the prominence of leaf veins, and pubescence. 17 Page 238 留兰香 liu lan xiang, "Seasonal variation in content, chemical composition and antimicrobial and cytotoxic activities of essential oils from four, "Antiemetic activity of volatile oil from, "Productivity, Oil Content, and Composition of Two Spearmint Species in Mississippi", "Health-promoting properties of common herbs", "The continuing search for antitumor agents from higher plants", "Effect of drying method on the phenolic content and antioxidant capacity of spearmint", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Spearmint&oldid=986717221, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from February 2013, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 2 November 2020, at 15:58. Mint in the garden should be mulched annually to keep the roots cool and moist. One of the most favored of the mint plants is spearmint (Mentha spicata). Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. Spearmint is a perennial herbaceous plant. Mentha longifolia and Mentha suaveolens (2n = 24) are likely to be the contributing diploid species. Spearmint, once planted takes off quickly and can take over quickly as well. Spearmint, also known as garden mint, common mint, lamb mint and mackerel mint, is a species of mint, Mentha spicata, native to Europe and southern temperate Asia, extending from Ireland in the west to southern China in the east. , Mentha spicata was first described scientifically by Carl Linnaeus in 1753.
Nematode species that cause root knots in this plant are various Meloidogyne species. If you live in an area with very cold winters, it is best to bring potted spearmint indoors and place in a sunny window. The leaves lose their aromatic appeal after the plant flowers. Local store prices may vary from those displayed. Spearmint produces flowers in slender spikes, each flower pink or white in colour, 2.5–3 mm (0.098–0.118 in) long, and broad.  Its in vitro antibacterial activity has been compared to, and is even said to surpass, that of amoxicillin, penicillin, and streptomycin. Some cautious gardeners grow spearmint in hanging baskets or containers to avoid having to pull out runners constantly. The species and its subspecies have many synonyms, including Mentha crispa, Mentha crispata and Mentha viridis.
Spearmint has been used traditionally as medicines for minor ailments such as fevers, and digestive disorders.
, Mentha spicata hybridizes with other Mentha species, forming hybrids such as:, Mention of spearmint dates back to at least the 1st century AD, with references from naturalist Pliny and mentions in the Bible. Since ancient times, spearmint has been known as an herb that represents hospitality and wisdom. When planted in ideal conditions, spearmint will reach a mature height and width of 12 to 24 inches (30 to 61 cm.). Propagation It’s an easy to grow plant that is perfect for any level of gardener. The most abundant compound in spearmint oil is R-(–)-carvone, which gives spearmint its distinctive smell.  There is research on spearmint extracts in the treatment of gout and as an antiemetic. pH range should be between 6.0 and 7.5. All Rights Reserved.
, Some nematode diseases in spearmint include root knot and root lesions. Peppermint plants should be spaced between 18 and 24 inches (45 and 60 cm) apart. Of the more than 30 different species of mint plants in the Lamiaceae (or mint) family, spearmint is one of the most popular and widely grown. The Pilgrims brought mint with them on their first journey overseas.
Need Help? Products shown as available are normally stocked but inventory levels cannot be guaranteed, For screen reader problems with this website, please call 1-800-430-3376 or text 38698 (standard carrier rates apply to texts), Add architectural beauty to your landscape with this simple project for building a potted column of spring flowers. , Spearmint can be infected by tobacco ringspot virus. Like most species in the mint family. Keep seeds moist until they germinate and thin plants to 1 foot (30 cm.)
This will help keep the runners of growing spearmint plants from invading other spots of your garden. This virus can lead to stunted plant growth and deformation of the leaves in this plant. Prune potted plants regularly to keep neat and tidy.  Spearmint flowers in the summer (from July to September in the northern hemisphere), and has relatively large seeds, which measure 0.62–0.90 mm (0.024–0.035 in). Sweet tea, iced and flavoured with spearmint, is a summer tradition in the Southern United States. Spearmint plants should be placed between 3 and 4 feet (90-120cm) apart. Spearmint is a perennial plant that aggressively spreads by creeping stolons. Spearmint is quite easy to grow.