Weedy and Potentially Invasive: Do Not Plant. All rights reserved. This species reproduces by seed and vegetatively via its creeping stems (i.e. Also a good forage plant for livestock.Genus name comes from the Latin name, from tri- meaning three and folium meaning a leaf because of the trifoliate leaves.Specific epithet in Latin means creeping. These leaves are compound and consist of three leaflets (i.e. Species. The small pea-shaped flowers are white to pale pink and arranged in dense globular clusters (15-35 mm across) at the top of long upright stalks (i.e. they form a keel). they have obtuse, retuse or emarginate apices).

Native to northern Africa, Europe, the middle-east, western Asia, Russia and Pakistan. adventitious roots) at their joints (i.e. It is most problematic in the sub-alpine regions of south-eastern Australia, including Kosciusko National Park, and in some areas it threatens endangered species and native plant communities. Each of the flowers is borne on a short stalk (i.e. to ensure you have the latest version of this fact sheet. However, it is sometimes found growing in tropical regions and is also an occasional weed of crops. Trifolium repens, commonly called white clover, is a dwarf, prostrate, mat-forming perennial which typically grows to 4" tall and spreads to 12" or more by stems which freely root along the ground at the nodes. Copyright © 2016.

Prefers moist soils in light shade, but tolerates full sun and dryish soils. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. glabrous) and borne on long stalks (i.e. White clover is a nitrogen fixing plant which is used in crop rotation. Each of these inconspicuous fruit contains three or four seeds. Was a favorite food of rabbits in the Kemper Center gardens. The tiny pods (4-6 mm long and up to 2 mm wide) remain hidden inside the old flower parts. The control methods referred to in this fact sheet should be used in accordance with the restrictions (federal and state legislation, and local government laws) directly or indirectly related to each control method. Trifolium repens White Clover, Dutch Clover, Purple Dutch Clover, Shamrock, White Clover PFAF Plant Database. LIFE FORM : Forb FEDERAL LEGAL STATUS : No special status OTHER STATUS : NO-ENTRY This species is common and widespread throughout the southern and eastern parts of Australia. petioles) that tend to curve upwards. White clover (Trifolium repens) is regarded as an environmental weed in Victoria, New South Wales and Western Australia. The individual leaflets (10-55 mm long and 6-30 mm wide) are either oval (i.e. White clover (Trifolium repens) may be confused with strawberry clover (Trifolium fragiferum), subterranean clover (Trifolium subterraneum), clustered clover (Trifolium glomeratum) and woolly clover (Trifolium tomentosum).
The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Trifolium repens .

Spreads aggressively by creeping stems. Known for its 3-leaflet pattern and white flower heads, it is commonly considered a lawn weed. Ground cover, lawn substitute, meadows or prairies.Sometimes added to grass seed for lawns or grassy areas where grass alone does not grow and/or cover well. While every care is taken to ensure the accuracy of this information, DEEDI does not invite reliance upon it, nor accept responsibility for any loss or damage caused by actions based on it. Trifolium L. – clover. Features trifoliate (3-parted), rich green leaves and globular, white flowers which bloom in … Trifolium repens L. – white clover. obcordate) and have finely-toothed (i.e. nodes). Where is this species invasive in the US. leaves with paler v-shaped markings (Photo: Sheldon Navie), close-up of leaf with three leaflets (Photo: Forest and Kim Starr, USGS), close-up of leaflets with finely-toothed margins (Photo: Greg Jordan), close-up of whitish flowers (Photo: Sheldon Navie), close-up of pinkish flowers (Photo: Forest and Kim Starr, USGS), clusters of mature fruit (Photo: Forest and Kim Starr, USGS), close-up of old flowers containing mature fruit (Photo: Sheldon Navie), close-up of seeds (Photo: Steve Hurst at USDA PLANTS Database), comparison of white clover (Trifolium repens), mostly on the right, and strawberry clover (Trifolium fragiferum), mostly on the left (Photo: Sheldon Navie), Fabaceae (Queensland, the ACT, Victoria, Tasmania, and the Northern Territory)Fabaceae: sub-family Faboideae (New South Wales)Leguminosae (South Australia)Papilionaceae (Western Australia), clover, Dutch clover, honeysuckle clover, ladino clover, purplewort, shamrock, white clover, white Dutch clover, white trefoil. its small, white or pinkish, pea-shaped flowers are borne in dense globular clusters at the top of slender upright stalks. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. Features trifoliate (3-parted), rich green leaves and globular, white flowers which bloom in late spring. Please donate to support our ‘Plants to Save the Planet’ Project. No serious insect or disease problems.Can be aggressive and is considered by many to be a lawn weed, particularly by those who try to eradicate it from their lawns. Widely naturalised overseas, including in southern Africa, tropical and eastern Asia, New Zealand, North America (i.e.

obovate), or heart-shaped (i.e.

serrate or dentate) margins. Easily grown in average, medium, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. prostrate) stems, and upright flower stalks 10-30 cm tall. Check our website at www.biosecurity.qld.gov.au The mobile application of Environmental Weeds of Australia is available from the Google Play Store and Apple iTunes. pedicel) 3-5 mm long and has five green or reddish sepals, which are fused together into a small tube (i.e. The Plants Database includes the following 171 species of Trifolium . This plant has been found to be weedy and potentially invasive and should not be planted in Midwestern gardens. Flowering occurs mostly during spring and early summer. calyx tube). ABBREVIATION : TRIREP SYNONYMS : NO-ENTRY SCS PLANT CODE : TRRE3 COMMON NAMES : white clover Dutch white clover TAXONOMY : The scientific name for white clover is Trifolium repens L. [14,32]. Subordinate Taxa. Leaves and flowers appear on separate stalks from the creeping stems. its tiny pods remain hidden inside the old flower parts. glabrous or glabrescent) and are usually less than 30 cm long. Also less common in south-western Western Australia, present in other parts of Queensland, and naturalised on Lord Howe Island. It mainly grows in temperate and sub-tropical regions, where it is most abundant during winter and spring. Flowers are attractive to bees. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Trifolium repens, or Clover, is a prostrate, mat-forming herbaceous perennial about four to six inches tall and spreading 12 inches or more by stems that root freely. Trifolium repens var. Not declared or considered noxious by any state government authorities. biasolettii. These restrictions may prevent the use of one or more of the methods referred to, depending on individual circumstances. The creeping stems (i.e. They are mostly hairless (i.e.


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